1786: Born England. Ninth of twelve children. His father was a country gentleman. His mother daughter of a farmer. He inherited the desire to improve his social standing.
1800: Joined the navy at age of 14.
1801-1804: Joined Matthew Flinders trip to New Holland.
1805: Fought in the Battle of Trafalgar.
1808-1818: In routine navy. Served in a few battles. Promoted to lieutenant.
1818: Sailed in search of the North-West Passage. Blocked by ice.
1819-1822: Led a land expedition across Canada to the Arctic. 11 out of 20 did not return. Starvation killed most of them.
1822: Promoted to Captain.
1823: Married Eleanor. One child called Eleanor.
1824-1828: Captain of an Artic explorative expedition. Wife died of TB.
1828: Married Jane Griffin. A friend of his first wife. No children.
1830-1833: Naval duties including a few battles.
1837-1843: Lieutenant-Governor of Van Diemens Land. Van Diemens Land was a free colony and a gaol. The free colonists welcomed Franklins appointment and thought he would side with them. They thought Arthur favoured penal institutions.
Franklin was old with no experience of civil administration. He worked hard and conscientiously. His explorations had inured him to discomfort and taught him nothing about political chicanery. He was a sensitive person emotionally depressed by the plight of convicts and aboriginals. Lacking in political skills.
He was liberal in thought and hoped the colony would become happy, free and self-governing. Unlike what he saw. The colony was full of conflict between free settlers, official appointed in England, the military, the convicts and aboriginals.
Franklin believed there was lack of education, self-interested groups and no sense of community.
He began primary education.
He started Scholarships to study in England. Active interest in culture, science and exploration. He and his wife begin Christs College which was the first tertiary education in Van Diemens Land.
1838: Founded the Royal Hobart Regatta.
1840: End of transportation to NSW.
1843: Opened the TMAG.
1843: He was sacked as Governor and recalled to England. He was accused of incompetence and petticoat domination.
1847: With the aim of vindication he leads an expedition to find the North-West Passage. Ship disappears. All crew deceased. More people die looking for the ship than on the ship. Ship found in 2014.